Asthma first aid is required when someone is having an asthma flare-up or asthma attack. An asthma flare-up is a worsening of asthma symptoms and lung function compared to what would usually be experienced day to day.

An asthma flare-up can come on slowly, over hours, days or even weeks, or very quickly over minutes. A sudden or severe asthma flare-up is sometimes called an asthma attack.

How to respond

If you, or someone around you, are experiencing a severe or life-threatening asthma attack, call an ambulance. Dial Triple Zero (000) and then start asthma first aid.

If you are experiencing a mild to moderate asthma attack, start asthma first aid.

AFA Poster

Download your own asthma first aid poster here:

Asthma First Aid A4 Poster

Asthma First Aid A5 Poster

Asthma First Aid DL Poster

Or download Asthma First Aid App to access the asthma first aid steps wherever you are.

If your symptoms improve you still need to make an appointment to see your doctor, preferably the same day.

If you’re not sure, or if you get worse again before you see your doctor, go straight to hospital or call Triple Zero (000) for an ambulance.

If you are experiencing any of these signs, start asthma first aid. Do not wait until asthma is severe.